What you should know about your septic tank system
"A septic tank system will serve a home satisfactorily only if it is properly designed, installed, and adequately maintained. Even a good system which does not have proper care and attention may become a nuisance and burdensome expense."
The U.S. Government Department of Health, Education, and Welfare Public Health Service
WHAT IS A SEPTIC SYSTEM?
A septic system consists of your plumbing fixtures and pipes in your house, the sewer service lines running into your septic tank, an air vent, a septic tank with an outlet discharging wastes into an effluent soil absorption drain field.
When your septic system is suitably located, adequately designed, correctly installed and properly maintained, you will have a waste disposal system that is safe and effective. A maintenance program is the key to extending the life of your septic system and preventing damage to your property, which can be very costly when trouble occurs.
WARNING SIGNS OF A CONTAMINATED TANK
2 Plumbing backup in your bathroom and kitchen
3 Awful odor in your drains or yard
4 Mushy ground or greener grass in septic tank area
Your system should be pumped out every year. This will help you avoid the disasters that can and do occur.
We invite you to contact us so we may discuss your septic tank situation with you!
1. Use biodegradable products, including laundry soap and shampoos.
2. Pump tank at proper intervals (should be every year).
3. Limit water entering your septic tank --
*Use water-waving fixtures (faucets, bath, showers, and toilet).
* Spread clothes washing over entire week; avoid half-loads.
* Prevent roof and basement drainage from entering tank.
* Minimize the amount of water family uses for baths, showers, shaving, dishwashing, and clothes washing.
* Fix all faucets and toilet float valve leaks.
4. Proper maintenance with bio-enzymes being flushed monthly to help with proper break down of sludge.
1. Don't put harmful materials into your septic tank --
* Grease or oil from cooking.
* Concentrated chemicals (lye or muriatic acid).
* Paint or paint thinner.
* Gasoline or motor oil.
* Poisons, disinfectants or Draino.
* Coffee grounds or food scraps.
* Paper towels.
* Disposable diapers.
* Sanitary napkins, tampons or condoms.
* Cigarette filters or matches.
* Pesticides or herbicides used in lawn and garden care.
* Sand from cat box or in clothing when washed.
* Sudsy detergents (non-biodegradable).
2. Don't use a garbage disposal unit (requires twice a year tank pump-out if you do).
3. Don't drive your car or truck over septic tank or septic field for off-loading, pick-up or parking.
4. Don't build patio, driveway or swimming pool over your septic tank or septic field.
HOW YOUR SYSTEM WORKS
A septic system has two basic working parts: a septic tank and a soil absorption field (seepage bed).
Wastes flow into the septic tank where they are separated into solids and liquids. The solids settle to the bottom and are partially decomposed by bacteria. Some solids float and form a scum mat on top of the water.
The liquids flow out of the septic tank into the seepage bed which is made up of perforated pipes and constructed over a bed of crushed rock and sand. The liquid from the seepage bed is filtered and decomposed by micro-organisms in the soil.